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Part of well-balanced healthcare is evaluating short-term benefits against long-term potentialities. In the case of opioids, a study by Jeffrey Scherrer, PhD, et al. published in The Annals of Family Medicine shows a relationship between long durations of use and the development of new-onset depression....

Is there a connection between opioid use and low testosterone? It looks that way, according to a study recently published in Pain Medicine. Maria Soledad Cepeda, MD, PhD, et al. compared the testosterone levels of two subject groups—those who had taken prescription opioids in the...

Think of a "typical" heroin user. Now think again. According to a recently published study in Drug and Alcohol Dependence, there has been an increase in heroin abuse among whites, women, and people of high socio-economic statuses. It's a far cry from the urban street...

There's another option available for when traditional therapies fail to relieve chronic pelvic pain. Spinal Cord Stimulation––a type of neuromodulation–– is a procedure that involves placing small metal wires near the epidural space, the outermost part of the spinal canal. The wires are connected to a power...

With increasing numbers of chronic pain patients experimenting with marijuana to get relief, physicians need to learn more about the plant and its constituents to counsel patients appropriately about its safety and possible analgesic benefits, according to a leading medical marijuana researcher.“Much of what we...

On April 20th, 2015 Actavis announced that the United States Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has approved an expansion for Botox for the treatment of adults with upper limb spasticity. The new additions include two thumb muscles. One is the flexor pollicis longus which is...

Spinal Stenosis is a condition in which the spinal column narrows causing pressure on the spinal cord, or the spinal nerves leaving the spinal column are pinched by narrow openings. This can affect the back, legs, arms, neck or buttocks. Causes of spinal stenosis may...