Headache pain has been an age-old problem afflicting society socially, emotionally and financially. Its intensity can range from dull tension to chronic migraines. It is reported that sixty to seventy million U.S. citizens have headache pain, with a majority of female sufferers. Headache pain may be caused by a variety of sources including neck problems as well as irritated nerves in the head and neck area.
The most common types of head pain are the “primary headache disorders”, such as tension-type headaches and migraines. They have typical features; migraine, for example, tends to be pulsating in character, affecting one side of the head, associated with nausea, disabling in severity, and usually lasts between 3 hours and 3 days. Rarer primary headache disorders are trigeminal neuralgia (a shooting face pain), cluster headache (severe pains that occur together in bouts), and hemicrania continua (a continuous headache on one side of the head).
Headaches may also be referred from a disc or arthritic problem in the neck. Also entrapment neuropathies of various nerves in the head and neck region may cause headaches. Examples may be Occipital and Trigeminal Neuritis.