The carpal tunnel is the passageway in the wrist that connects the forearm to the middle compartment of the deep plane of the palm. The tunnel consists of bones and connective tissue. Several tendons and a nerve pass through it. The canal is narrow and when any of the nine long flexor tendons passing through it swells, the narrowing of the canal often results in nerves becoming compressed.
Carpal Tunnel Syndrome (CTS) is a clinical diagnosis that typically presents as numbness and pain in the first 4 fingers. Carpal Tunnel Syndrome is prevalent in occupations requiring repetitive motions with their hands and wrists. Patients may describe difficulty buttoning shirts, writing letters, and sleeping at night due to pain.
Nerve conduction studies and electromyography testing are helpful to examine the severity of the Carpal Tunnel Syndrome disease. Wrist splints and carpal tunnel injections are helpful to reduce the inflammation and pain.